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Best Management Practices

If you have been searching for ways to improve turf performance in marginal or poor soils, consider using compost as a soil amendment.

Dollar for dollar, fertilization does more to improve poor-quality turfgrass or to maintain good-quality turfgrass than any other management practice. Proper fertilization practices produce a dense, medium- to dark-green turf that resists pests and environmental stresses.

Liming is the practice of applying an agent to reduce soil acidity (raise pH) and make soils more favorable for turfgrass growth. Raising soil pH requires a quantity of liming material that is determined by the degree of soil acidity as well as the quality and type of liming material.

Spreaders must be properly calibrated if they are to deliver granular fertilizers and pesticides to turf at correct rates. If calibration is done incorrectly, the product may be misapplied and either too much or too little of the product will reach the turf. Spreaders and be calibrated in several ways; but the following methods are relatively simple, fast, and accurate.

A fundamental problem in turfgrass fertilization involves determining how much fertilizer is needed to supply a specified amount of nitrogen (or any other nutrient) per 1000 sq ft. Use the following examples to learn how to solve this type of problem.