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Synthetic Turf

Synthetic Turf Health and Environmental Impacts

Health and Environmental Impacts

Penn State Studies

YearAuthorsTitleLink
2012 McNitt and Petrunak Evaluation of the efficacy of Ultraviolet-C light to eliminate Staphylococcus aureus from infilled synthetic turf surfaces Read It Here
2011 Serensits et al. Human health issues on synthetic turf in the USA Read It Here
2009 McNitt et al. Survival of Staphylococcus aureus on synthetic turf Read It Here
2008 McNitt et al. A Survey for the Presence of Staphylococcus aureus in the Infill Media of Synthetic Turf Read It Here

Scientific Journal Articles

YearAuthorsTitleLink
2015 Selbes et al. Leaching of DOC, DN, and inorganic constituents from scrap tires Read It Here
2014 Cheng et al. Environmental and health impacts of artificial turf: a review Read It Here
2013 Kruger et al. New approach to the ecotoxicological risk assessment of artificial outdoor sporting grounds Read It Here
2013 Pavilonis et al. Bioaccessibility and risk exposure to metals and SVOCs in artificial turf field fill materials and fibers Read It Here
2013 Schiliro et al. Artificial turf football fields: environmental and mutagenicity assessment Read It Here
2013 Ruffino et al. Environmental-sanitary risk analysis procedure applied to artificial turf sports fields Read It Here
2012 Rhodes et al. Zinc leaching from tire crumb rubber Read It Here
2012 Kim et al. Health risk assessment of lead ingestion exposure by particle sizes in crumb rubber on artificial turf considering bioavailability Read It Here
2011 Ginsberg et al. Benzothiazole toxicity assessment in support of synthetic turf field human health risk assessment Read It Here
2011 Menichini et al. Artificial-turf playing fields: contents of metals, PAHs, PCBs, PCDDs and PCDFs, inhalation exposure to PAHs and related preliminary risk assessment Read It Here
2011 Ginsberg et al. Human health risk assessment of synthetic turf fields based upon investigation of five fields in Connecticut Read It Here
2011 Simcox et al. Synthetic turf field investigation in Connecticut Read It Here
2010 Li et al. Characterization of substances released from crumb rubber material used on artificial turf fields Read It Here
2010 Van Rooij and Jongeneelen Hydroxypyrene in urine of football players after playing on artificial sports fields with tire crumb infill Read It Here
2009 Bocca et al. Metals contained and leached from rubber granulates used in synthetic turf areas Read It Here
2008 Zhang et al. Hazardous chemicals in synthetic turf materials and their bioaccessibility in digestive fluids Read It Here
2003 Birkholz et al. Toxicological evaluation for the hazard assessment of tire crumb for use in public playgrounds Read It Here

U.S. Consumer Products Safety Commission

YearAuthorsTitleLink
2008 CPSC CPSC staff analysis and assessment of synthetic turf “grass blades” Read It Here

U.S. Army Public Health Command

YearAuthorsTitleLink
2010 U.S. Army Public Health Command Guidance on lead in artificial turf including child care centers Read It Here

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

YearAuthorsTitleLink
2009 EPA A scoping-level field monitoring study of synthetic turf fields and playgrounds Read It Here

Washington State Study

YearAuthorsTitleLink
2017 Washington State Department of Health Investigation of reported cancer among soccer players in Washington State Read It Here

Connecticut Studies

YearAuthorsTitleLink
2010 Connecticut Department of Public Health FACT SHEET - The CT DPH risk assessment of artificial turf fields Read It Here
2010 Department of Energy and Environmental Protection Result of state artificial turf field study: no elevated health risk Read It Here
2010 The Connecticut Academy of Science and Engineering Committee report: peer review of an evaluation of the health and environmental impacts associated with synthetic turf playing fields Read It Here
2010 The Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station 2009 study of crumb rubber derived from recycled tires – final report Read It Here
2010 The Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection Artificial turf study - leachate and stormwater characteristics - final report Read It Here
2010 The Connecticut Department of Public Health Human health risk assessment of artificial turf fields based upon results from five fields in Connecticut Read It Here
2010 University of Connecticut Health Center Artificial turf field investigation in Connecticut - final report Read It Here

New York Studies

YearAuthorsTitleLink
2009 New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene Air quality survey of synthetic turf fields containing crumb rubber infill Read It Here
2009 New York City Department of Parks and Recreation Synthetic turf lead results Read It Here
2008 New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene A review of the potential health and safety risks from synthetic turf fields containing crumb rubber infill Read It Here
2008 New York State Department of Health FACT SHEET: Crumb-Rubber Infilled Synthetic Turf Athletic Fields Read It Here

California Studies

YearAuthorsTitleLink
2010 California Department of Resources Recycling and Recovery Safety study of artificial turf containing crumb rubber infill made from recycled tires: measurements of chemicals and particulates in the air, bacteria in the turf, and skin abrasions caused by contact with the surface Read It Here
2009 California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment Chemicals and particulates in the air above the new generation of artificial turf playing fields, and artificial turf as a risk factor for infection by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA). Literature review and data gap analysis Read It Here
2007 California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment Evaluation of health effects of recycles waste tires in playground and track products Read It Here

New Jersey Studies

YearAuthorsTitleLink
2011 UMDNJ-EOHSI Crumb infill characterization for trace elements and organic materials Read It Here
2008 State of New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services Update: New Jersey investigation of artificial turf and human health concerns Read It Here
2007 New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection Preliminary assessment of the toxicity from exposure to crumb rubber: its uses in playgrounds and artificial turf playing fields Read It Here

International Studies

YearAuthorsTitleLink
2017 Dutch National Institute of Public Health and the Environment Evaluation of health risks of playing sports on synthetic turf pitches with rubber granulate Read It Here
2007 Intron Environmental and health risks of rubber infill. Rubber crumb from car tyres as infill on synthetic turf Read It Here
2006 Norwegian Pollution Control Authority Measurement of air pollution in indoor artificial turf halls Read It Here
2006 IBV Study of incidence of recycled rubber from tyres in environment and human health Read It Here
2006 Norwegian Institute of Public Health and the Radium Hospital Artificial turf pitches – an assessment of the human health risks for football players Read It Here
2006 Norwegian Building Research Institute Potential health and environmental effects linked to artificial turf systems – Final Report Read It Here