Solanum dulcamara

Bitter Nightshade


Bittersweet Nightshade, Climbing Nightshade

ID Characteristics

Life cycle: Perennial
Growth Habit: Prostrate and rhizomatous
Propagation: Seed and creeping prostrate stems
Leaf Margin: Smooth
Leaf Hairs: Wooly underside
Leaf Structure: Two forms; One with basal lobes and the other is oviate to oval
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Root Type: Fibrous with branching off of rhizomes
Flower Color: Purple to blue with a yellow center


Similar Species

  • Nightshade, Eastern Black Solanum ptychanthum
  • Bittersweet, Oriental Celastrus orbiculatus

Herbicidal Control Options

  • Preemergence: Oryzalin, Benefin
  • Post Emergence: Carfentrazone, Chlorsulfuron, Clopyralid, Fluroxypyr, Mecoprop-p, Metribuzin, Penoxsulam, Quinclorac, Sulfosulfuron, Triclopyr, Trifloxysulfuron

Please note: one or more of these active ingredients may exist in combination-type brand name products. Any material used for herbicidal control of any plant may vary in efficacy. Please read the full disclaimer on herbicide usage.