Francesco Di Gioia, Ph. D.

  • Assistant Professor of Vegetable Crop Science
Francesco Di Gioia, Ph. D.
317 Tyson Building
University Park, PA 16802
Work Phone: 814-863-2195
Fax: 814-863-6139

Areas of Expertise

  • Sustainable vegetable production systems
  • Plant nutrition, soil fertility and irrigation management
  • Alternatives to chemical soil fumigation
  • Vegetable response to abiotic stress
  • Vegetable quality
  • Agrobiodiversity and novel vegetable products
  • Agronomic biofortification

Connect with Francesco Di Gioia, Ph. D.



B.S. and M.S., Agricultural Science and Technology, 2006, University of Bari (Italy)
Ph.D., Mediterranean Agronomy, 2010, University of Bari (Italy)

Research Experience

2015-2018 Postdoctoral Research Associate, University of Florida / U.S. Department of Agriculture - Agricultural Research Service.

2013-2016 Scientific responsible of the test facility AgroService R&S s.r.l. (Italy)

2012-2015 Postdoctoral Research Associate, University of Bari (Italy)

Honors and Awards

2014: ASHS Outstanding Vegetable Publication Award of 2013 for the article titled: Grafting improves tomato salinity tolerance through sodium partitioning within the shoot. HortScience, 48 (7): 855-862. Co-recipient.

2009: Second place winner of FSHS Student Best Written Paper Contest for 2009 for the peer-reviewed conference paper titled: Real-time drip-irrigation scheduling of watermelon grown with plasticulture. Proceeding of Florida State Horticultural Society, 122: 212-217. Recipient.


Refereed Journal Articles

  1. PAUDEL, B.R., DI GIOIA, F., ZHAO, X., OZORES-HAMPTON, M., HONG, J.C., KOKALIS-BURELLE, N., PISANI, C., AND ROSSKOPF, E.N. 2018. Evaluating anaerobic soil disinfestation and other biological soil management strategies for open-field tomato production in Florida. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems
  2. DI GIOIA F., AVATO P., SERIO F., ARGENTIERI M.P. 2018. Glucosinolate profile of Eruca sativaDiplotaxis tenuifolia and Diplotaxis erucoides grown in soil and soilless systems. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 69: 197-204.
  3. GUO H., ZHAO X., ROSSKOPF E.N., DI GIOIA F., HONG J.C., MCNEAR D.H. 2018. Impacts of anaerobic soil disinfestation and chemical fumigation on soil microbial communities in field tomato production system. Applied Soil Ecology, 126: 165-173.
  4. DI GIOIA F., ROSSKOPF E.N., LEONARDI C., GIUFFRIDA F. 2018. Effects of application timing of saline irrigation water on broccoli production and quality. Agricultural Water Management, 203: 97-104.
  5. DI GIOIA F., APRILE A., SABELLA E., SANTAMARIA P., PARDOSSI A., MICELI A., DE BELLIS L., NUTRICATI E. 2017. Grafting response to excess boron and expression analysis of genes coding boron transporters in tomato. Plant Biology, 19 (5): 728-735.
  6. GUO H., DI GIOIA F., ZHAO X., OZORES-HAMPTON M., SWISHER M.E., HONG J., KOKALIS-BURELLE N., DELONG A.N., ROSSKOPF E.N. 2017. Optimizing anaerobic soil disinfestation for fresh market tomato production: Nematode and weed control, yield, and fruit quality. Scientia Horticulturae, 218: 105-116.
  7. PETROPOULOS S.A., DI GIOIA F., NTATSI G. 2017. Vegetable organosulfur compounds and their health promoting effects. Current Pharmaceutical Design. 23 (19), 2850 – 2875.
  8. DI GIOIA F., GONNELLA M., BUONO V., AYALA O., SANTAMARIA P. 2017. Agronomic, physiological and quality response of romaine and red oak-leaf lettuce to nitrogen input. Italian Journal of Agronomy, 12(1): 47-58.
  9. DI GIOIA, F., OZORES-HAMPTON, M., ZHAO, X., THOMAS, J., WILSON, P., LI, Z., HONG, J., ALBANO, J., SWISHER, M., ROSSKOPF, E. 2017. Anaerobic soil disinfestation impact on soil nutrients dynamics and nitrous oxide emissions in fresh-market tomato. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 240: 194-205.
  10. DI GIOIA F., DE BELLIS P., MININNI C., SANTAMARIA P., SERIO F. 2017. Physicochemical, agronomical and microbiological evaluation of alternative growing media for the production of rapini (Brassica rapa L.) microgreens. Journal of Food Science and Agriculture, 97: 1212–1219.
  11. DI GIOIA F., GONNELLA M., BUONO V., AYALA O., CACCHIARELLI J., SANTAMARIA P. 2017. Calcium cyanamide effects on nitrogen use efficiency, yield, nitrates and dry matter content of lettuce. Agronomy Journal, 109: 354-362.
  12. RENNA M., DI GIOIA F., LEONI B., MININNI C., SANTAMARIA P. 2017. Culinary assessment of self-produced microgreens as basic ingredients in sweet and savoury dishes. Journal of Culinary Science and Technology, 15 (2), 126-142.
  13. KYRIACOU M.C., ROUPHAEL Y., DI GIOIA F., KYRATZIS A., SERIO F., RENNA M., DE PASCALE S., SANTAMARIA P. 2016. Micro-scale vegetable production and the rise of microgreens. Trends in Food Science & Technology, 57: 103-115.
  14. RENNA M., DI GIOIA F., LEONI B., SANTAMARIA P. 2016. Sprouts and microgreens. Italus Hortus, 23 (1): 31-44.
  15. DI GIOIA F., OZORES-HAMPTON M., HONG J., KOKALIS-BURELLE N., ALBANO J., ZHAO X., BLACK Z., GAO Z., WILSON C., THOMAS J., MOORE K., SWISHER M., GUO H., ROSSKOPF E.N. 2016. The effects of anaerobic soil disinfestation on weed and nematode control, fruit yield and quality of florida fresh-market tomato. HortScience, 51 (6): 703-711.
  16. FAYETTE J., HENDRICKS K.E., OZORES-HAMPTON M., DI GIOIA F., ROBERTS, P.D. 2016. First report of powdery mildew caused by Oidiopsis haplophylli on garden nasturtium (Tropaeolum majus L.) in Florida. Plant Disease, 100 (3): 646.
  17. OZORES-HAMPTON M., DI GIOIA F., SATO S., SIMONNE E., MORGAN K. 2015. Effects of nitrogen rates on nitrogen, phosphorous, and potassium partitioning, accumulation, and use efficiency in seepage-irrigated fresh market tomatoes. HortScience, 50(11): 1636-1643.
  18. CONVERSA G., BONASIA A., DI GIOIA F., ELIA A. 2015. A decision support system (GesCoN) for managing fertigation in vegetable crops. Part II – Model calibration and validation under different environmental growing conditions on field grown tomato. Frontiers in Plant Science, 6: 495
  19. BOARI F., CEFOLA M., DI GIOIA F., PACE B., SERIO F., CANTORE V. 2013. Effect of cooking methods on antioxidant activity and nitrate content of selected wild Mediterranean plants. International Journal of Food Science and Nutrition, 64 (7): 870-876.
  20. DI GIOIA F., SIGNORE A., SERIO F., SANTAMARIA P. 2013. Grafting improves tomato salinity tolerance through sodium partitioning within the shoot. HortScience, 48 (7): 855-862.
  21. POH B.L., GAZULA A., SIMONNE E.H., DI GIOIA F., HOCHMUTH R.R., ALLIGOOD M.R. 2011. Use of reduced irrigation operating pressure in irrigation scheduling. I. Effect of operating pressure, irrigation rate and nitrogen rate on drip-irrigated fresh market tomato nutritional status and yields: implications on irrigation and fertilization management. HortTechnology, 21 (1): 14-21.
  22. DI GIOIA F., SERIO F., BUTTARO D., AYALA O., SANTAMARIA P. 2010. Influence of rootstock on vegetative growth, fruit yield and quality in ‘Cuore di Bue’, an heirloom tomato. The Journal of Horticultural Science & Biotechnology, 85 (6): 477-482.
  23. DI GIOIA F., SIMONNE E.H., GONNELLA M., SANTAMARIA P., GAZULA A., SHEPPARD Z. 2010. Assessment of ionic interferences to nitrate and potassium analyses with ion-selective electrodes. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 41 (14): 1750-1768.


  1. DI GIOIA F., SANTAMARIA P. 2015. Migrogreens: Novel, fresh and functional food for exploring all the value of biodiversity. Publisher: Eco-logica, Bari, Italy, Pp. 115. – ISBN: 9788890928932.

Book chapters

  1. D’ANTUONO I., DI GIOIA F., LINSALATA V. ROSSKOPF E.N., CARDINALI A. 2018. Impact on health of artichoke and cardoon bioactive compounds: Content, bioaccessibility, bioavailability, and bioactivity. In Phytochemicals in Vegetables: A Valuable Source of Bioactive Compounds edited by Petropoulos S.A., Ferreira I.C.F.R. and Barros L. Publisher: Bentham eBook. Pp. 373-403. ISBN: 978-1-68108-740-5.
  2. ROSSKOPF E.N., PISANI C., DI GIOIA F. 2017. Crop specific grafting methods, rootstocks and scheduling. Tomato. In Grafting Manual: How to Produce Grafted Vegetable Plants edited by Kubota C., Miles C. and Zhao X. Pp. 1-13.
  3. DI GIOIA F., RENNA M., SANTAMARIA P. 2017. Sprouts, microgreens and “baby leaf” vegetables. In Minimally Processed Refrigerated Fruits & Vegetables edited by Yildiz F. and Wiley R.C. Publisher: Springer, U.S. 2. Edition, pp. 403-432 – ISBN: 978-1-4939-7016-2.
  4. DI GIOIA F., GONNELLA M., SANTAMARIA P. 2013. Contribution of leafy vegetables to dietary nitrate intake and regulations. In Nitrate in Leafy Vegetables: Toxicity and Safety Measures edited by Shahid Umar, Naser A. Anjum & Nafees A. Khan. Publisher: I.K. International Publishing House Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi, India, 2-16. – ISBN: 9789382332213.