The growth module of the simulation model CropSyst and Cycles is based on the concept of resource capture and resource use efficiency.

Based on the same principles, we simulate the potential growth (i.e. that determined by radiation, temperature and air humidity) and the realized growth given a set of abiotic stresses - akin to a biophysical and agronomical yield gap (without considering biotic stresses).

These are topics with plenty of space for students' graduate level projects.